Byzantine-German Relations, 1137-1180

The paper deals with Byzantine-German relations through the reigns of the Byzantine Komnenoi emperors John I and Manuel I, with a focus on contemporary geopolitics in the Balkans.

This paper was written through Spring 2018 as a part of a program of directed studies under Dr. Helen Evans, curator of the Byzantine exhibition at the MET in New York City. The paper deals with Byzantine-German relations through the reigns of the Komnenoi emperors John I and Manuel I. Along with my paper on the campaigns of Suleiman I, which was written concurrently during the same season, this was the first research paper that I ever wrote (at the age of 16/17). As such, the argumentative and rhetorical styles are somewhat underdeveloped.

Here is an adapted edition (specifically more argumentative) that was submitted for a survey course on World History taken at NCC in the Fall of 2018.